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Matt Weinger

Matthew Weinger, M.D.

Director, Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety (CRISS)
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Norman Ty Smith Chair in Patient Safety and Medical Simulation
Professor of Anesthesiology, Biomedical Informatics, and Medical Education
Vice Chair for Faculty Affairs, Department of Anesthesiology
Director of Simulation Research
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Staff Physician and Senior Scientist
Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center (GRECC)
Tennessee Valley VA Healthcare System

Email: matt.weinger@vanderbilt.edu
Phone: (615) 936-6598
Fax: (615) 936-7373

Dr. Matthew B. Weinger, the Director of the Vanderbilt Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety, holds the Norman Ty Smith Chair in Patient Safety and Medical Simulation and is a Professor of Anesthesiology, Biomedical Informatics, and Medical Education at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. He is also the Director of the Simulation Technologies Program of Vanderbilt's Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment. Dr. Weinger has been teaching and conducting research in anesthesia patient safety, human factors engineering, and clinical decision making for more than two decades. Dr. Weinger has received more than $6 million in direct research support from federal agencies and major non-profit foundations. He has over 140 publications that cover a range of topics including simulation, human factors, use error, user interface design and evaluation, measures of clinician performance, workload, alarms and vigilance, clinical expertise, automation, clinician fatigue, and clinical decision support. He holds a Bachelor's degree in electrical engineering and a Master's degree in Biology (neurosciences) from Stanford University in 1978. He completed his MD degree at the University of California–San Diego in 1982 and did his anesthesiology residency training at the University of California–San Francisco. Dr. Weinger is Co-Chairman of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Human Factors Committee that is responsible for developing American national standards for all medical device user interfaces. He is the Associate Editor for Health and Health Systems for the journal Human Factors and on the Editorial Board of Simulation in Healthcare. Dr. Weinger is also the Secretary of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation and serves as an advisor for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Education & Training
B.S. – Electrical Engineering, Stanford University
M.S. – Biological Sciences, Stanford University
M.D. – University of California - San Diego
Internal Medicine Internship – Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Anesthesia Residency – University of California - San Francisco
Postdoctoral Research Fellowship – University of California, San Diego
Fellowship in Management of Perioperative Services – Stanford University

Recent Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (2007–2010)

  1. Oken, A., Rasmussen, M. D., Slagle, J., Jain, S., Kuykendall, T., Ordonez, N., and Weinger, M. B.: A facilitated survey instrument captures significantly more anesthesia patient safety events than does traditional event reporting. Anesthesiology 107: 909-922, 2007.
  2. Talbot, T. R., Tejedor, S. C., Greevey, R. A., Burgess, H., Williams, M. V., Deshpande, J. K., McFadden, P., Weinger, M. B., Englebright, J., Dittus, R. S., and Speroff, T.: A survey of infection control programs in a large national healthcare system. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 28(12), 1401-3, 2007.
  3. Weinger, M. B.: Experience ≠ Expertise: Can simulation be used to tell the difference? (editorial) Anesthesiology 107(5): 691-4, 2007.
  4. Bayley, R., Weinger, M., Meador, S., and Slovis, C.: Impact of ambulance crew configuration on simulated cardiac arrest resuscitation. Prehospital Emerg Care 12: 62-68, 2008.
  5. Cao, C. G. L., Weinger, M. B., Slagle, J., Zhou, C., Ou, J., Vora, S., Sheh, B., and Mazzei, W.: Differences in day and night shift clinical performance in Anesthesiology. Human Factors 50: 276-90, 2008.
  6. Dollarhide, A. W., Rutledge, T., Weinger, M. B., and Dresselhaus, T.: Use of a handheld computer application improves voluntary medication event reporting by inpatient nurses and physicians. Journal of General Internal Medicine 23(4): 418–22, 2008.
  7. Wall, R. J., Ely, E. W., Talbot, T. R., Weinger, M. B., Williams, M.V., Reischel, J., Burgess, L. H., Dittus, R. S., Speroff, T., and Deshpande, J. K.: Evidence-based algorithms for diagnosing and treating ventilator-associated pneumonia. Journal of Hospital Medicine 3(5): 409-22, 2008.
  8. Levin, S., Dittus, R., Aronsky, D., Weinger, M. B., Han, J., Boord, J., and France, D. Optimizing cardiology capacity to reduce Emergency Department boarding: A systems engineering approach. American Heart Journal 156(6): 1202-9, 2008.
  9. Slagle, J. and Weinger, M. B.: Effects of intraoperative reading on vigilance and workload during anesthesia care in an academic medical center. Anesthesiology 110(2): 275-83, 2009. PMID: 19194155.
  10. Stucky, E. R., Dresselhaus, T. R., Dollarhide, A., Shively, M., Maynard, G., Jain, S., Wolfson, T., Weinger, M. B., Rutledge, T.: Intern to attending: assessing stress among physicians. Academic Medicine 84(2): 251-7, 2009. PMID: 19174680.
  11. Rutledge, T., Stucky, E., Dollarhide, A., Shively, M., Jain, S., Wolfson, T., Weinger, M. B., Dresselhaus, T.: A real-time assessment of work stress in physicians and nurses. Health Psychology 28(2): 194-200, 2009. PMID: 19290711.
  12. Unertl, K. M., Weinger, M. B., Johnson, K. B., Lorenzi, N. M.: Describing and modeling workflow and information flow in chronic disease care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (JAMIA) 16(6): 826-36, 2009. PMID: 19717802.
  13. Tejani, N., Dresselhaus, T., Rutledge, T., Borrego, M, and Weinger, M.B.: Development of a hand-held computer platform for real-time behavioral assessment of physicians and nurses. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 43: 75-80, 2010. PMID: 19703586.
  14. Weinger, M. B. The pharmacology of simulation: A conceptual framework to inform progress in simulation research. Simulation in Healthcare 5(1): 8-15, 2010. PMID: 20383084.
  15. Miller, A., Weinger, M. B., Buerhaus, P., and Dietrich, M. S.: Care coordination in Intensive Care Units: Communicating across information spaces. Human Factors 52: 147-61, 2010. PMID 20942247.
  16. France, D. J., Greevy, R., Liu, X., Burgess, H., Dittus, R. S., Weinger, M. B., and Speroff, T. Measuring and comparing safety climate in intensive care units. Medical Care 48(3): 279-84, 2010. PMID: 20125046.
  17. Karsh, B-T., Weinger, M. B., Abbott, P., and Wears, R. L.: Health Information Technology: Fallacies and sober realities. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 17(6): 617-23, 2010. PMID 2962121.
  18. Hyman, S. A., Michaels, D., Berry, J. M., Schildcrout, J. S., Mercaldo, N. D., and Weinger, M. B.: Risk of burnout in perioperative clinicians: A survey and literature review. Anesthesiology, 2010 (in press).
  19. Levin, S., Dittus, R., Aronsky, D., Weinger, M. B., and France, D. Evaluating the effects of increasing surgical volume on emergency department patient access. Quality and Safety in Healthcare 2010 (in press).
  20. France, D., Speroff, T., Nwosu, S., Greevy, R., Weinger, M. B., Talbot, T. R., Wall, R. J., Deshpande, J. K., Ely, E. W., Burgess, H., Englebright, J., Williams, M. V., and Dittus, R. S. Organizational culture: Variation across hospitals and connection to patient safety climate. Quality and Safety in Healthcare 2010 (in press).
  21. Shively, M., Rutledge, T., Rose, B., Graham, P., Long, R., Stucky, E., Weinger, M. B., and Dresselhaus, T.: Real-time assessment of nurse work environment and stress. Journal for Healthcare Quality (in press).
  22. Speroff, T., Ely, E. W., Greevy, R., Weinger, M. B., Talbot, T. R., Wall, R. J., Deshpande, J. K., France, D. J., Nwosu S., Burgess, H., Englebright, J., Williams, M. V., Dittus, R. S.: Quality improvement projects targeting healthcare-associated infections: Comparing virtual collaborative and toolkit approaches. Journal of Hospital Medicine (in press).

Books and Book Chapters (2007–2010)

  1. Barach, P. and Weinger, M. B.: Trauma team performance. Wilson, W. C., Grande, C. M., Hoyt, D. B., Editors: TRAUMA (Volume 1): Resuscitation, Anesthesia and Emergency Surgery. Chapter 6. Taylor and Francis: New York, pp. 101-13, 2007.
  2. Banerjee, A., Easdown, L. J., Weinger, M. B.: Anesthesiology equipment and patient safety. (Chapter 1). Sandberg, W. S., Urman R. D., and Ehrenfeld, J. M. (editors): Clinical Essentials of Anesthesiology Equipment. Amsterdam: Elsevier Press. pp. 1-9, 2010.
  3. Weinger, M. B., Wiklund, M., and Gardner-Bonneau, D. (editors): Handbook of Human Factors in Medical Device Design. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2011, 850 pp.

Peer-reviewed Proceedings Papers (2007–2010)

  1. Slagle, J. M, Kuntz, A., France, D., Speroff, T., Madbouly, A., and Weinger, M.B.: Simulation Training for Rapid Assessment and Improved Teamwork: Lessons learned from a project evaluating clinical handoffs. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51: 668-71, 2007.
  2. Rayo, M., Smith, P., Weinger, M. B., Slagle, J. S.: Assessing Medication Safety Technology in the Intensive Care Unit. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51: 692-96, 2007.
  3. Unertl, K. M., Weinger, M., Johnson, K.: Variation in use of informatics tools among providers in a diabetes clinic. American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium Proceedings. Oct 11, 2007: 756-60.
  4. Miller, A., Miller, R., Hutchison, S., Weinger, M. B., Buerhaus, P.: Clinical communication in a trauma intensive care unit (ICU): A case study. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52: 835-9, 2008.
  5. Miller, A., Novak, L., Weinger, M. B., Buerhaus, P.: Processes and support tools for the interhospital neonatal patient transfer: A preliminary study. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52: 865-9, 2008.
  6. Slagle, J. M., Anders, S., Calderwood, C., Weinger, M. B.: Significant physiological disturbances in cases with and without non-routine events: An analysis of videotaped anesthetics. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 53, 674-8, 2009.
  7. Weinger, M. B., Slagle, J. M., Kuntz, A., Banerjee, A., Schildcrout, J., Mercaldo, N., France, D., Speroff, T., Bills, J., Walston, K., and the PACU Handover Improvement Team. Improving actual handover behavior with a simulation-based training intervention. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54, 2010 (in press).
  8. Anders, S., Porterfield, E., Slagle, M., Weinger, M. B.: Under the radar: Technology related events during anesthesia care. American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium Proceedings. November 15, 2010 (in press).

Older Papers of Note

  1. Weinger, M. B. and Englund, C. E.: Ergonomic and human factors affecting anesthetic vigilance and monitoring performance in the operating room environment. Anesthesiology 73: 995-1021, 1990.
  2. Weinger, M. B., Herndon, O. W., Paulus, M. P., Gaba, D., Zornow, M. H., and Dallen, L. D.: Objective task analysis and workload assessment of anesthesia providers. Anesthesiology 80: 77-92, 1994.
  3. Gurushanthaiah, K., Weinger, M. B., and Englund, C. E.: Visual display format affects the ability of anesthesiologists to detect acute physiological changes. Anesthesiology 83:1184-93, 1995.
  4. Weinger, M. B.: Cardiovascular reactivity among surgeons: not music to everyone’s ears. Journal of the American Medical Association 273: 1090-91, 1995.
  5. Weinger, M. B.: The impact of health care reform on anesthesiologists and their patients in the United States: an ergonomic perspective. Acta Anaesthesiologica Sinica 34: 27-32, 1996.
  6. Weinger, M. B., Pantiskas, C., Wiklund, M. E., and Carstensen, P.: Incorporating human factors in the design of medical devices. Journal of the American Medical Association 280: 1484, 1998.
  7. Macario, A., Weinger, M.B., Truong, P., and Lee, M.: Which clinical anesthesia outcomes are both common and important to avoid? The perspective of a panel of expert anesthesiologists. Anesthesia and Analgesia 88: 1085-91, 1999.
  8. Weinger, M. B.: Enhancing your power and influence on the OR team. Refresher Courses in Anesthesiology. 27: 199-210, 1999.
  9. Macario, A., Weinger, M. B., Carney, S., and Kim, A.: Which clinical anesthesia outcomes are both common and important to avoid? The perspective of patients. Anesthesia and Analgesia 89:652-58, 1999.
  10. Gaba, D. M, Howard, S., Smith, B., and Weinger, M. B.: Simulators in anesthesiology education. Anesthesia and Analgesia 89:805-806, 1999.
  11. Weinger, M. B., Vrendenburgh, A. G., Schumann, C. M., Macario A., Williams, K. J., Kalsher, M. J., Smith, B., Troung, P., and Kim, A.: Quantitative description of the workload associated with airway management procedures. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 12: 273-82, 2000.
  12. Vrendenburgh, A. G., Weinger, M. B., Williams, K. J., Kalsher, M. J., and Macario, A.: Developing a technique to measure anesthesiologists’ real-time workload. Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress 44: 4241-44, 2000.
  13. Weinger, M. B.: Auditory warnings in the medical work domain: An overview of the critical issues. Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress 44: 1211-15, 2000.
  14. Macario, A., Chung, A., Weinger, M. B.: Variation in practice patterns of anesthesiologists in California for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 13: 353-60, 2001.
  15. Knab, J. H., Wallace, M. S., Wagner, R. L., Tsoukatos, J., and Weinger, M. B.: Use of a PC-based expert system facilitates primary care physicians’ management of chronic pain. Anesthesia and Analgesia 93: 712-20, 2001.
  16. Weinger, M. B.: Drug wastage contributes significantly to the cost of routine anesthesia care. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 13: 491-97, 2001.
  17. Weinger, M. B., Slagle, J., Kim, R., and Gonzales, D.: A task analysis of the first weeks of training of novice anesthesiologists. Proceedings of the HFES 2001 Congress 45: 404-8, 2001.
  18. Weinger, M. B. and Ancoli-Israel, S.: Sleep deprivation and clinical performance. Journal of the American Medical Association 287(8): 955-57, 2002.
  19. Syroid, N. D., Agutter, J., Drews, F. A, Westenskow, D. R., Albert, R. W., Bermudez, J. C., Strayer, D. L., Prenzel, H, Loeb, R. G., Weinger, M. B.: Development and evaluation of a graphical drug display. Anesthesiology 96:565-75, 2002.
  20. Slagle, J., Weinger, M. B., Dinh, M.-T.T., Wertheim, V. V., and Williams, K.: Assessment of the intrarater and interrater reliability of a clinical task analysis methodology. Anesthesiology 96: 1129-39, 2002.
  21. Fraind, D. B., Slagle, J. S., Tubbesing, V., Hughes, S., Weinger, M. B.: Reengineering intravenous drug and fluid administration processes in the operating room: Step one: Task analysis of existing processes. Anesthesiology 97: 139-47, 2002.
  22. Weinger, M. B. and Slagle, J.: Human factors research in anesthesia patient safety: Techniques to elucidate factors affecting clinical task performance and decision-making. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 9(6 Suppl): S58-63, 2002 (Publication of 2001 AMIA proceedings paper, with minor revisions).
  23. Weinger, M. B., Dunn, E. J., Cohn F.: Dying of gallstones. Hastings Center Report. 33: 14-16, 2003.
  24. Howard, S. K., Gaba, D. M., Smith, B. E., Weinger, M. B., Herndon, C., Keshavacharya, S., and Rosekind, M. R.: Simulation study of rested versus sleep-deprived anesthesiologists. Anesthesiology 98:1345-55, 2003.
  25. Delson, N. J., Koussa, N., Hastings, R. H., Weinger, M. B. Quantifying expert vs. novice skill in vivo for development of a laryngoscopy simulator. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 94: 45-51, 2003.
  26. Wachter, S. B., Agutter, J., Syroid, N., Drews, F., Weinger, M. B., Westenskow, D.: The employment of an iterative design process to develop a pulmonary graphical display. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (JAMIA) 10: 363-72, 2003.
  27. Weinger, M. B., Slagle, J., Jain, S., and Ordonez, N.: Retrospective data collection and analytical techniques for patient safety studies. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 36:106-19, 2003.
  28. Wong, D. H., Gallegos, Y., Weinger, M. B., Clack, S., Slagle, J., and Anderson, C. T.: Changes in intensive care unit nurse task activity after installation of a third-generation intensive care unit information system. Critical Care Medicine 31:2488-94, 2003.
  29. Agutter, J., Drews, F., Syroid, M., Westenskow, D., Albert, R., Strayer, D., Bermudez, J., Weinger, M. B.: Evaluation of a graphic cardiovascular display in a high fidelity simulator. Anesthesia and Analgesia 97: 1403-13, 2003.
  30. Weinger, M. B., Gonzales, D. C., Slagle, J., and Syeed, M.: Video capture of clinical care to enhance patient safety: The nuts and bolts. Quality and Safety in Healthcare 13: 136-44, 2004.
  31. Weinger, M. B., Reddy, S., and Slagle, J.: Multiple measures of anesthesia workload during teaching and nonteaching cases. Anesthesia and Analgesia 98(5): 1419-25, 2004.
  32. Vrendenburgh, A. and Weinger, M. B. Communication of drug hazard information: A critical analysis of how the relationship between the pharmaceutical companies, the FDA, clinicians and patients impacts patient safety. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48: 2004-44, 2004.
  33. Connor, O., Cooke, N., Weinger, M. B., and Slagle. J.: Using psychological scaling techniques to assess clinical expertise in anesthesiology. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48: 1746-50, 2004.
  34. Liang, B. A., Weinger, M. B. and Suydam, S.: Learning from others: Legal aspects of sharing patient safety data using provider consortiums. Journal of Patient Safety 1(2): 83-89, 2005.
  35. Nemeth, C. P., Nunnally, M., Cook, R. I., Crowley, J., Weinger, M., Woods, D. D.: Brave new world: Medical devices, clinical information systems, networks, and patient safety. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49:, 2005.
  36. Harris, B. and Weinger, M. B.: An insidious failure of an oxygen analyzer. Anesthesia and Analgesia 102(5): 1468-72, 2006.
  37. Schultz, K., Brown, R., Douglas, S., Frederick, B., Lakhani, M., Scruggs, J., Slagle, J., Slater, B., Weinger, M. B., Wood, K. E., Carayon, P. Development of a job task analysis tool for assessing the work of physicians in the intensive care unit. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50: 1469-73, 2006.

Recent Presentations

  1. Post-Graduate Assembly, New York Society of Anesthesiologists. Panel presentation, New York City, NY (12/13/10). Performance shaping factors in anesthesiology.
  2. Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology. 57° Congresso Brasileiro de Anestesiologia / 7° Congresso de Dor da Sociedade Brasileria de Anestesiologia. Invited speaker, Porto Allegro, Brazil (11/21-22/10). The Development of a national database on adverse events in anesthesia; Simulation as a learning tool; and The risks of anesthesia technology.
  3. American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, FAER panel on Do the Missions of Education, Research, and Clinical Care Allow for Quality Excellence? San Diego, CA (10/18/10). Quality care: The new realities of multidisciplinary team care.
  4. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) / Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Infusion Pump Summit, Silver Springs, MD (10/5/10). Invited plenary talk. Interface considerations for infusion technology.
  5. Department of Veterans Affairs, Anesthesia Chiefs Conference, Las Vegas, NV (9/15/10). Risks of anesthesia technology; and Performance shaping factors in anesthesia care.
  6. Willis Health Care Practice 14th Annual Forum, Chicago Beginnings: Health Care Risk in 2010, Chicago, IL (7/21/10). Medical simulation to reduce risk: Competency, communication, and culture.
  7. Visiting Professor, New York University Langone Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology. New York City, NY (4/7/10). Anesthesia patient safety: The good, the bad, and the ugly.
  8. University of Vermont, 15th Annual Vermont Perspectives in Anesthesia. Stowe, VT (3/5 – 6/10). Anesthesiology simulation: Where are we? Where are we going?; Anesthesia patient safety: Understanding medical error and the factors affecting clinical performance; and Risks of technology.
  9. Stanford University, 23rd Annual Anesthesia Update. Big Sky, MT (2/14-17/10). Managing common (and uncommon) anesthesia events; Medical technology: Help or hindrance?; The risks of perioperative parenteral opioids; and Anesthesia patient safety.
  10. Chilean Society of Anesthesiology. XXXVII Congreso Chileno de Anestesiologia. Invited Plenary Speaker, Coquimbo, Chile (11/20-21/09). Teamwork and communication in the OR; Risk of technology: Human factors and design; and Simulation research and education.
  11. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting. Chicago, IL (6/29/09). Paper presentation: A handoff training improvement initiative significantly improved the effectiveness of actual clinical handoffs.
  12. Society for Education in Anesthesiology, Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA (6/6/09). Panel organizer, Patient Safety Education; and presenter, Simulation in Anesthesiology Patient Safety Education.
  13. University of Minnesota, Design of Medical Devices. Minneapolis, MN (4/14/09). Profiles in Outrage: The Audacity of Industry.
  14. McDonnell Foundation, The Cognitive Basis of Safe Practice: Rethinking Error in Critical Care Medicine. Scottsdale, AZ (10/28/08). System Interactions, Coordination, and ICU Safety.
  15. 1st International Conference on Human Engineering in Patient Safety, Strasbourg, France (6/28/08). Non-routine events in healthcare.
  16. National Patient Safety Foundation, 2008 Annual NPSF Patient Safety Congress. Nashville, TN (5/16/08). Panel: How To Use Simulation to Move Your Patient Safety Agenda Forward. Overcoming barriers to using simulation for patient safety.
  17. Arizona State Society of Anesthesiologists, 34th Annual Scientific Meeting. Scottsdale, AZ (2/16–17/08). Performance Shaping Factor: Why aren’t we 100% all of the time; The risks of post-operative opioids; and Perioperative teamwork and communication.
  18. Emory University Department of Anesthesiology, New Horizons in Anesthesiology, Steamboat Springs, CO (2/13–14/08). Decision making in Anesthesiology, and in life; Making medical technology more user friendly; Perioperative teamwork and communication; and Sleepy people putting people to sleep.
  19. Visiting Professor, University of Louisville Department of Anesthesiology, Louisville, KY (12/3/07). Anesthesia Patient Safety: Understanding Medical Error and the Factors Affecting Clinical Performance.
  20. Wake Forrest University Department of Anesthesiology, 13th Annual Advances in Physiology and Pharmacology in Anesthesia and Critical Care, Hilton Head, SC (10/29–30/07). Pain free, but at what cost?; and Anesthesia Provider Cognition and Fitness for Duty.
  21. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD (10/3/07). Simulation Training for Rapid Assessment and Improved Teamwork – Lessons Learned from a Project Evaluating Clinical Handoffs
  22. Keynote Speaker, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine Alumni Reunion, San Diego, CA (9/29/07). Understanding Patient Safety at the Sharp End.
  23. Visiting Professor, University of North Carolina Department of Anesthesiology Grand Rounds, Raleigh-Durham, NC (5/2/07). Why can’t I be 100% all of the time? Performance shaping factors in anesthesia.
  24. Keynote Speaker, Brody School of Medicine, Eastern Carolina University, Keeping our Patients Safe: The Role of Simulation in Healthcare Education. Greenville, NC (4/24/07). Simulation in patient safety: The Vanderbilt experience.
  25. Tennessee Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN (2/24/07). Why can’t I be 100% all of the time? Performance shaping factors in anesthesia.
  26. International Meeting on Healthcare Simulation, Panel presentation, Orlando, FL (1/15/07). Some (hopefully provocative) thoughts on the future of SPs in healthcare.


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