Citation Searching: Do You Know Your Numbers?
- Finding other researchers citing an article of interest
- Following a research topic through time
- Observing how other authors cite an article to support their research
- Identifying other authors citing an article you have published
Citation Searching in Web of Science (WOS):
- Go to the Eskind Digital Library
- Search for Web of Science or WOS in the search box.
- Once in WOS, select Citation Reference Search under the Web of Science tab and type in your author's name (last name, first initials) and year cited. Click Search:
- Your search will retrieve a list of articles by that author for that particular year and will include the number of times that article has been cited:
CAUTION:The citation search results may not be as comprehensive as they appear. WOS citation searches are limited to:
- journals that are included in Web of Science (mainly science and social science based)
- primary literature only (does not include book chapters, technical reports, etc)
- citations published mainly in English (you may miss non-English publications by that author)
- WOS does not correct for authors who cite a work in different ways, so you might see the same article in your results with different numbers.
Citation Searching in Google Scholar (GS):
Running a citation search in Google Scholar will overcome the main limitation of WOS - GS in not limited to only the journals available through WOS. GS will typically retrieve a much larger list of articles compared to WOS and it is a free resource.
- Go to the Eskind Digital Library (where we list it in the Most Used Resources menu) or go directly to Google Scholar:
- Use the Advanced Search option to input your search criteria
- On the results page, look underneath the article you want to see citations for and click the leftmost link, Cited by followed by a number. (In our example, Cited by 242)
As is the case with WOS searches, there may be some irrelevant materials retrieved with your search. Although Google Scholar has a special filter to retrieve scholarly works, there is a chance you will also retrieve irrelevant or duplicate materials. Check your results carefully before accepting the cited by number listed in your retrieval.
Limitations of Citation Searching:
- Books, book chapters, conference proceedings, dissertations and technical reports may be excluded from the results.
- Some journals in various fields may be excluded.
- In-press journal articles are not included in the databases.
- Journals are not consistently indexed nor indexed retrospectively when added to the databases.
- The focus is strongly on sciences and some of the social sciences.
- There is limited coverage of non-English publications.