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Department of Infection Prevention

About the Department

In the News:

 Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) 

MERS-CoV

  • As of April 30, 2014, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported 424 cases of MERS-CoV globally, including 131 deaths. All cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East.
  • The number of reported cases increased markedly in April 2014 with 217 cases and 38 deaths. Between March 2013 and March 2014 the monthly average number of reported cases was 15.   A majority of cases from April 2014 occurred in healthcare workers.
  • While the first US case of MERS-CoV was reported May 2 in a traveler from Saudi Arabia, no cases have been reported in TN.
  • Human-to-human transmission has occurred to close contacts and healthcare workers, but no evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission has been documented.
  • With such an increase in cases, it is much more likely that the US will see travelers who have been exposed and infected with MERS Co-V.
  • VUMC has extensive plans to identify and mitigate transmission in the event a case of MERS-CoV is suspected or identified.  These were developed following the SARS outbreak of 2003 and are directly applicable to MERS-CoV, a similar virus.
  • Recent developments highlight the need to be vigilant and continue to screen patients for risk factors. Healthcare providers should be alert to patients who develop severe acute lower respiratory illness within 14 days after traveling from countries in the Arabian Peninsula, or neighboring countries. This includes screening of patients for risk factors; airborne and contact precautions should be added standard and droplet precautions for patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection if MERS Co-V is being considered.

 More information can be found below (click on topic):

Tennessee Department of Health Alert (May 1, 2014)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC MERS-CoV FAQs

VU Emergency Preparedness

Specimen Testing:   

  1. Clinical Specimen Guidelines
  2. Biosafety Guidelines                
  3. MERS-CoV Submission Form

 


NEW Urinary Catheter Management Guidelines: 

Urinary Catheters

In order to reduce infections due to urinary catheters in adult inpatients, a new policy that emphasizes evidence-based care and maintenance of these devices  will be effective April 1.  As part of this policy, all adult patients admitted to VUH will be placed on the nurse-directed Foley discontinuation protocol unless specifically excluded by a provider order.  Pilot testing of this policy has been met with very positive reviews from both nursing personal and physician and NP providers.

 To help with this policy change, all providers should

  1. Be aware of the indications for urinary catheters
  2. Be aware that patients with a Foley catheter must have an order for that catheter
  3. Perform an assessment daily regarding the necessity for the urinary catheter and if not needed, have it removed
  4. Understand and support the catheter discontinuation protocol

Click for more information:

VUMC Urinary Catheter Guidelines

Nurse-Directed Urinary Catheter Discontinuation Protocol

 


  Department of Infection Prevention in Vanderbilt Medicine 

 The Department of Infection Prevention was highlighted in a series of articles in the Fall 2006 issue of Vanderbilt Medicine magazine. 

Click on the links below for more:    

Bugbusters

MDR-Acinetobacter Infections

Hand Hygiene Project

TN Infection Reporting Law

CVC Infection Prevention

Intraop Antibiotic Reminder 

William Schaffner Profile

MRSA

VRE


 

VUMC Pandemic Influenza Preparedness

 

The Department of Emergency Preparedness in conjunction with the Department of Infection Prevention and the Occupation Health Clinic has developed an online education lecture that provides information on personal and institutional preparedness for pandemic influenza.  The lecture may be accessed on the Department of Emergency Preparedness website (link). 


 

Influenza Vax Education

PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFLUENZA!!

 VUMC policy now requires annual influenza vaccination or exemption. Exemptions may be for religious or personal/philosophical beliefs or for medical contraindications. Those who wish to be exempted from receiving the flu vaccine must complete an exemption form, available on the OHC website beginning in September.   

 

Do you never get an annual influenza vaccination?

Do you come to work with a "cold?"

If you answered "yes," you could be spreading infleunza to

your patients and colleagues (even when you don't feel sick!)

 

It's influenza season again -- find out how you can protect yourself,

your colleagues, and your patients from influenza.

 

CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFO


The Vanderbilt University Medical Center Department of Infection Prevention is primarily responsible for conducting surveillance of hospital-acquired infections and investigating and controlling outbreaks or infection clusters among patients and health care personnel. Infection Prevention personnel also evaluate new and existing products, examine the latest innovations in personal protective equipment and safe needle devices, and conduct detailed special projects that investigate infection control issues at VUMC and the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt. The Infection Preventionists have educational programs to assure quality of patient care as well as developing infection surveillance policies and procedures.

The department calculates rates of healthcare-associated infections, collates antibiotic susceptibility data, performs analysis of aggregated infection data and provides comparative data to national benchmarks over time. These data are provided to various boards and committees on a routine basis. Working with various physicians and departments, the Department of Infection Prevention also provides data for research and publications. We work closely with the Occupational Health Clinic and Vanderbilt Environmental Health and Safety, the Center for Clinical Improvement, and Risk Management, as well as state and local health departments.

Please use the menu at left to learn more about our department's functions and activities.

 


 

This page was last updated June 20, 2014 and is maintained by