The acronym LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation defines the process by which a form of energy is converted into a light energy. The emitted radiation produces over a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum from the ultraviolet region, the visible, and the infrared region. The range is identified by wavelengths from 100 nanometers to 10.6 micrometers. A wave can be characterized by four properties; wavelength, amplitude, velocity, and frequency. Laser beam emission may be delivered as a continuous wave, pulsed, or Q-switched. This process of stimulated emission was originally described by Albert Einstein in the 1900s
The process of stimulated emission makes laser light unique from ordinary light. These unique properties of laser included:
Coherent - wave patterns that are locked in phase
Collimated – stays together as a tight beam of light
Monochromatic – produces pure colors of light
Laser System components:
Power in WATTS – a measure of the RATE of energy delivered in Joules/second.