.
 

References for Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

References for Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

Biological Agents

General Overview of Category A agents

 Darling RG, Catlett CL, Huebner KD, Jarrett DG. Threats in bioterrorism I: CDC category A agents. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2002;20:273-309.

 Kman NE, Nelson RN: Infectious Agents of Bioterrorism: A Review of Emergency Physicians. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2008;26:517-47.

 Smallpox :  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/

 1. Henderson DA, Inglesby TV, Bartlett JG, et al. Smallpox as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:2127-2137.

 2. Breman JG, Henderson DA. Diagnosis and management of smallpox.  N Eng J Med 2002;346:1300-1307.

Anthrax:   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/

 1. Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, et al. Anthrax as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:1735-45.

 2. Dixon TC, Meselson M, Guillemin J, Hanna PC. Anthrax. N Eng J Med 1999;341:815-826.

3. Swartz MN. Recognition and management of anthrax-an update. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1621-1626.

4. Bush LM, Abrams BH, Beall A, Johnson CC. Index case of fatal inhalational anthrax due to bioterrorism in the United States. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1607-1610.

5. Jernigan JA, Stephens DS, Ashford DA, et al. Bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax: The first 10 cases reported in the United States. Emerg Infect Dis 2001;7:933-44.

 

Plague:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/plague/

 1. Inglesby TV, Dennis DT, Henderson DA, et al. Plague as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2000;283:2281-90.

 2. Human plague-Four states. MMWR 2006;55(34): 940-43.

3. Prentice MB, Rahalison L. Plague. Lancet 2007;369:1196-207.

 

Tularemia:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/tularemia/

 1. Dennis DT,Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, et al. Tularemia as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:2763-73.

 2. Feldman KA, Enscore RE, Althrop SL, et al. Outbreak of primary pneumonic tularemia on Martha’s Vineyard. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1601-6.

3. Tularemia transmitted by insect bites-Wyoming 2001-2003. MMWR 2005;54(07):170-3.

Botulinum toxin:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/botulism/

 1. Arnon SS, Schechter R, Inglesby TV, et al. Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:1059-70.

 2. Villar RG, Elliot SP, Davenport KM. Botulism: The many faces of botulinum toxin and its potential for bioterrorism. Infect Dis N Am 2006;20:313-27.

 

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/vhf/

 Chemical Weapons

 http://emergency.cdc.gov/chemical/

 Case Definitions for Chemical Poisoning. MMWR 2005;54(No. RR-1):1-25.

 Lawrence DT, Kirk MA: Chemical Terrorism Attacks: Update on Antidotes. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2007:25:567-95

 Kales SN, Christiani DC: Acute Chemical Emergencies. N Eng J Med 2004;350:800-8.

 Interstate Chemical Terrorism Worksgroup Spreadsheet

 http://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/xls/ICTW_InfoMatrix_2008.xls

 

The above link, available through the "Additional Information for Clinicians/Currents Events" page, leads to an Excel spreadsheet provided by the Interstate Chemical Terrorism Group. The spreadsheet provides many helpful links and phone numbers that may be useful in preparing for or responding to a chemical event. 

 

 

 

 

 

This page was last updated April 7, 2014 and is maintained by