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References for Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

References for Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

Biological Agents

General Overview of Category A agents

 Darling RG, Catlett CL, Huebner KD, Jarrett DG. Threats in bioterrorism I: CDC category A agents. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2002;20:273-309.

 Kman NE, Nelson RN: Infectious Agents of Bioterrorism: A Review of Emergency Physicians. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2008;26:517-47.

 Smallpox :  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/

 1. Henderson DA, Inglesby TV, Bartlett JG, et al. Smallpox as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:2127-2137.

 2. Breman JG, Henderson DA. Diagnosis and management of smallpox.  N Eng J Med 2002;346:1300-1307.

Anthrax:   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/

 1. Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, et al. Anthrax as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:1735-45.

 2. Dixon TC, Meselson M, Guillemin J, Hanna PC. Anthrax. N Eng J Med 1999;341:815-826.

3. Swartz MN. Recognition and management of anthrax-an update. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1621-1626.

4. Bush LM, Abrams BH, Beall A, Johnson CC. Index case of fatal inhalational anthrax due to bioterrorism in the United States. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1607-1610.

5. Jernigan JA, Stephens DS, Ashford DA, et al. Bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax: The first 10 cases reported in the United States. Emerg Infect Dis 2001;7:933-44.

 

Plague:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/plague/

 1. Inglesby TV, Dennis DT, Henderson DA, et al. Plague as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2000;283:2281-90.

 2. Human plague-Four states. MMWR 2006;55(34): 940-43.

3. Prentice MB, Rahalison L. Plague. Lancet 2007;369:1196-207.

 

Tularemia:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/tularemia/

 1. Dennis DT,Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, et al. Tularemia as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:2763-73.

 2. Feldman KA, Enscore RE, Althrop SL, et al. Outbreak of primary pneumonic tularemia on Martha’s Vineyard. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1601-6.

3. Tularemia transmitted by insect bites-Wyoming 2001-2003. MMWR 2005;54(07):170-3.

Botulinum toxin:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/botulism/

 1. Arnon SS, Schechter R, Inglesby TV, et al. Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:1059-70.

 2. Villar RG, Elliot SP, Davenport KM. Botulism: The many faces of botulinum toxin and its potential for bioterrorism. Infect Dis N Am 2006;20:313-27.

 

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/vhf/

 Chemical Weapons

 http://emergency.cdc.gov/chemical/

 Case Definitions for Chemical Poisoning. MMWR 2005;54(No. RR-1):1-25.

 Lawrence DT, Kirk MA: Chemical Terrorism Attacks: Update on Antidotes. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2007:25:567-95

 Kales SN, Christiani DC: Acute Chemical Emergencies. N Eng J Med 2004;350:800-8.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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